Using the Delphi Method to Explore Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Pedagogical Competence Training on University Lecturers in Vietnam


  • Viet-Nga Thi Nguyen
  • Hanh-Phuong Thi Tran
  • Ngoc-Anh Doan
  • Viet-Anh Thi Dao


pedagogical competence; university; lecturers; Delphi Method


Pedagogical competence is one of the professional competencies of university lecturers. However, many universities have lecturers who are very competent in their subjects but do not have formal training in pedagogy. Therefore, it is necessary for lecturers teaching at the university level to participate in professional development courses on pedagogical competence. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that affect the effectiveness of fostering pedagogical competence among university lecturers in Vietnam. The Delphi method was used to collect opinions from 40 educators. Research results showed that there are 29 factors affecting the effectiveness of fostering the pedagogical competence of university lecturers. Participants were classified into six main groups: factors that meet the training goals; factors on training content; factors on fostering methods; factors on media and training materials; factors on the form of training; and factors for evaluating training results. The results of this study will help policymakers and educational organisations devise institutions to improve the pedagogical competence of university lecturers. This is also the basis for universities to focus on investing in fostering pedagogical competence for lecturers and finding appropriate ways to provide regular, long-term, and continuous training.


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