Strategic Intervention Material-Based Instruction, Learning Approach and Students‘ Performance in Chemistry


  • Edwin I. Salviejo
  • Fidela Q. Aranes
  • Allen A. Espinosa


strategic intervention material; learning approach; performance in chemistry


This study explored the learning approach adopted and
attempted to investigate the effect of Strategic Intervention Material-Based                                                                                                                     Instruction (SIM-BI) on the performance of students in high
school Chemistry. It utilized the pretest-posttest pre-experimental
design. The SIM-BI used as a treatment of the study covered one of the
least mastered skills in the subject area which is chemical bonding. Two
classes of 80 students enrolled in Chemistry during the fourth quarter of
the school year 2012-2013 were used as respondents. They were
classified according to their learning approaches which were on their
mean scores in the Chemistry Learning Approach Inventory (CLAI). The
score in the Chemistry Achievement Test (CAT) administered as pretest
and posttest measured students‘ performance in Chemistry. Dependent
t-test was employed to determine the significant difference between the
mean responses in the pretest and posttest. Results of the study showed
that the use of SIM-BI is effective in terms of improving students‘
performance and learning approach. The surface learners performed
equally well as the deep learners when SIM-BI was used. The positive
result of the survey suggested that the SIM was appreciated and
appealed to both types of learners.


Aranes, F (1998), Illustrated Laboratory Procedures in Chemistry: Effects on the

Achievement of Surface and Deep Learners. Unpublished Masters

Thesis. De La Salle University, Philippines.

Aguele A. (2010)

and Tips to Teach Remedially

Ballard, B. &Clanchy, J. (1988), ‗Literacy in the University: An ―anthropological‖

approach‘ in Gordon Taylor et al., (1988), Literacy by degrees, The

Society for Research into Higher Education and the Open University

Press, Milton Keynes, Bucks.

Beran, M. (2005), Chemistry Problem Solving Performance and Strategies of

Deep and Surface Learners: An Analysis. Unpublished Masters Thesis.

Technological University of the Philippines.

Biggs, J. (1989) Approaches to Enhancement of Tertiary Teaching, Higher

Education Research and Development, Vol.8 No. 1

Biggs, J., (2003), Teaching for Quality Learning at University, (2nd Ed.), The

Society for Research into Higher Education – very good practical

handbook on teaching.

Biton, F (2001)Cooperative Learning: Effects on the Achievement of Deep and

Surface Learners in High School Chemistry. Unpublished Masters

Thesis.Technological University of the Philippines.

Boumova, V. (2008) Traditional versus Modern Teaching Methods: Advantages

and Disadvantages of Each, Masaryk Univ. Faculty of Arts.

Brodin, J. &Lindstrand, P. (2004), Perspectives of Schools for All.Lund : Student


Broderick, C.(2012) Research in the Use and Purpose of Instructional Materials.



Broughton, G. (2004) Teaching English as Foreign Language, 2nd Edition.

London: Routledge

Bunagan F. (2012)

Chingos, M. (2012)



Dahar, M (2011), Effect of the Availability and the Use of Instructional Material

on Academic Performance of Students in Punjab (Pakistan), Euro

Journal Publishing Inc.

Daluz Ma. L. C.(2003)―Problem Solving - Skills and Physics Achievement of

Deep and Surface Learners‖ Unpublished Masters Thesis. Technological

University of the Philippines.

Dickinson, D. (2002), Creating the future Perspectives on Educational Change

(online)(cited 28 June 2004). Available from

Dermirci, N. (2001) The Effects of a Web-Based Physics Software Program on

Students‘ Achievement and Misconceptions in Force and Motion

Concepts. Dissertation Abstract International.

Dy, L. (2011)

Entwistle, N (2004), Teaching-learning environment to support deep learning in

contrasting subject areas, paper presented at Staffordshire University, 29

June, Stafford

Escoreal, A. (2012), Strategic Intervention Material A Tool to Reduce Least

Learned Skills in Grade Four Science

Espinosa, A. (2012), Career – Oriented Performance Tasks: Effects on Students‘

Critical Thinking, Process Skills and Interest in Chemistry. Unpublished

Master‘s Thesis.University of the Philippines Diliman.

Espinosa, A., Monterola, S, &Punzalan, A. (2013). Career-Oriented Performance

Tasks in Chemistry: Effects on Students‘ Critical Thinking Skills.

Education Research international.Volume 2013, Article ID 834584, 10 pages.

Espinosa, A., Monterola, S. &Punzalan, A. (2013). Career-Oriented Performance

Tasks in Chemistry: Effects on Students‘ Integrated Science Process

Skills. Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences 8(2), 211-

Estacio, J (2008), Conceptions of Force and Motion and Physics Achievement of

Surface Learners Taught with Enforced Diagramming. Unpublished

Masters Thesis.Technological University of the Philippines.

Griffiths, A (2006),,1002/tea.3660250902/abstract

Hamm, S. (2009), Digital Audio Video Assessment (DAVA) for Deep and

Surface Learning: An Investigation 11/19/2012A deep or surface approach to

development – what can learning research teach us? Written by Robert

Cannon on June 19, 2012, date accessed

Nov. 19, 2012 accessed

/19/2012 date accessed



Imdieke, S. (2000) A Comparison of Traditional Science Instruction with

Hannds-On Activities to Traditional Textbooks Science Instruction with

Worksheets, Univ. Of Winsconsin Stout.

Jiris, I. (2009) Integrating Animated Movies into Science Education in

Elementary Schools and their Effects on Students‘ Learning Outcomes.

Johnston, C. Fostering Deeper Learning, Teaching and Learning Unit, University

of Melbourne.

Ljusberg, A-L., &Brodin, J. (2007) Self Concept in Children with Attention

Deficits. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 30 (3) 195 – 201

Lublin, J. (2012) date

accessed 11/19.2012Centre for Teaching and LearningGood Practice in

Teaching and Learning Deep, surface and strategic approaches to


Miguel, F. ((2012), Achievement and Retention of Learning of Deep and Surface

Learners Exposed to UBD – based Teaching of Integrative

Biology.(Ramon Magsaysay HS – Manila) Unpublished Masters Thesis.

Technological University of the Philippines.

Morgil, I. (2003), Traditional and Computer Assisted Learning in Teaching Acids

and Bases, Faculty of Education, Beytepe – Ankara Turkey.

Nicholls, G (2000), Learning to Teach, pp 356 – 360, Bell and Bain Ltd. Glasgow.

Ramsden, P. (1985) Students Learning Research: Retrospect and Prospect,

Higher Education Research Development. Vol. 4 No.1

Raw, V. (2003), ―Quality Teaching‖, APH Publishing Corp. Ansari Road, New


Rondon, S. (2013), Computer Game – Based and Traditional Learning Method: A

Comparison Regarding Students‘ Knowledge and Retention, Univ. of

Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Sirha, G. Learning Difficulties in Chemistry : An Overview. Journal of Turkish

Science Education, Vol. 4. Issue 2, 2007

Taber, K.S. (2002) Alternative Conceptions in Chemistry: Prevention, Diagnosis

and Care?. London: The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Togonon, I. (2011), Development and Evaluation of Project – Based SIM (PB –

SIM) in Teaching High School Chemistry.Unpublished Masters

Thesis.Technological University of the Philippines.

Tonel (1997)The Effect of Teacher Resource Material in Physics on the

Achievement of Deep and Surface Learners.Unpublished Masters

Thesis. Technological University of the Philippines.